Dušan Vukotić, was first non-American who won Oscar for animated film. Surogat (known in English as Ersatz and The Substitute) is a 1961 Yugoslavian short animated film by Dušan Vukotić, produced by Zagreb Film, a Croatian film production company. The film won an Academy Award for Short Subjects (Cartoons) in 1962. The film is also known by several other names in other languages: Cypporar, Der Ersatz, Le Succedane and Surrogatto.